Dictionaries & encyclopedias
Working papers

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Primary subject databases
Database Description
EconLit Citations, with selected abstracts, of articles, books, book chapters, dissertations, reviews, conferences and working papers. View Full Description
Oxford Encyclopedia of Economic History Full-text articles on topics from all time periods and geographic regions. View Full Description
Very Short Introductions Collection of introductory books on a variety of topics including arts, humanities, law, health, science, and social sciences. View Full Description

Main databases

Secondary subject databases
Database Description
Business Premium Collection Search tool for business and management publications. View Full Description
Business Source Complete Includes scholarly journals, books, case studies, marketing research and other business and economics material. View Full Description
Centre for Economic Policy Research: Publications Discussion papers (and more) on current research in economic policy. View Full Description
Conference Board of Canada: E-LIBRARY Research reports on public policy, economics and management. View Full Description
Datastream An international historical financial database. View Full Description
Economics Research Network Searchable and browsable collection of abstracts, working and accepted papers. View Full Description
Gale Academic OneFile Selected academic journal articles in a variety of subjects. View Full Description
ICPSR US and International datasets in criminology, demography, economics, health, political science, and sociology View Full Description
JSTOR Current and back issues of journals in arts and sciences. View Full Description
NBER Working Papers Accesses NBER working papers in PDF format. View Full Description
odesi Repository of socio-economic survey, census, and polling data from Statistics Canada, Ipsos Reid, Gallup, etc. View Full Description
OECD iLibrary Access books, articles, reports & statistics from the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. View Full Description
Penn World Tables Lists purchasing power parity and national income accounts for countries worldwide. View Full Description
Scholars Portal Journals Several thousand full-text electronic journals; especially strong in sciences and social sciences. View Full Description
UNdata Large, comprehensive statistical database covering all countries of the world. Pulls together statistics from all the major UN sources. View Full Description

Also useful

Tertiary subject databases
Database Description
ABI/INFORM Collection Combined search of ABI/INFORM Dateline, Global, and Trade & Industry. View Full Description
Cabells Scholarly Analytics Contact and submission information for scholarly publishing in various business subjects. View Full Description
Cambridge Journals Several hundred full-text electronic journals in all subject areas. View Full Description
Canadian Census Analyzer Census Profiles tables by census geography or by census year, plus Microdata Files and Postal Code Conversion Files. View Full Description
Canadian Research Index Citations to monographs and annual publications from Canadian government and institutional resources. View Full Description
CANSIM @ CHASS Canadian socio-economic statistical data. For advanced users. View Full Description
CANSIM @ Statistics Canada Canadian socio-economic statistical data. View Full Description
CARMA Video Library Live and recorded webcasts on research methods and analysis. Requires log in. View Full Description
emerald insight Collection of books and journals published by Emerald, chiefly for management and technology. View Full Description
Factiva A full-text resource with news, business information and journal articles drawn from almost 9000 worldwide sources, including Globe and Mail, Toronto Star and the KW Record. View Full Description
Financial Performance Indicators for Canadian Business NAICS key financial ratios in downloadable files organized by year, region and operating revenue. View Full Description
IDRC Digital Library A repository of international development related research results and documents generated by IDRC funds and staff. View Full Description
Index of downloadable Statistics Canada publications Electronic copies of Statistics Canada publications from the past and present. View Full Description
International Bibliography of the Social Sciences (IBSS)‎ Index for social science topics such as anthropology, economics, political science and sociology. View Full Description
International Financial Statistics (IFS) Financial data about the member countries in the IMF available in tables or through queries. View Full Description
Investext (via Mergent Online) Full-text database of investment research reports. View Full Description
PAIS Index International index to various types of publications on public/social policy and social sciences. Includes PAIS Archive. View Full Description
Political Risk Yearbook Country reports with political and economic information. View Full Description
Population Index Worldwide demographic and population literature. View Full Description
Web of Science Core Collection Citation indexes for the arts & humanities, the social sciences, and the sciences. View Full Description
World Development Indicators Development data from more than 200 countries View Full Description
WRCERG: Waterloo Region Collaborative Economic Research Group website Waterloo region economic data & analysis View Full Description
WRDS: Wharton Research Data Services Contains company finances as well as equity and fixed income data, and is intended for in-depth financial and accounting research. View Full Description

Can't find a book on the shelf? Look online. Of the different eBook platforms the library subscribes to, these make available business and economics titles:

Oxford Scholarship Online
Search by subject (e.g. economics and finance) and turn on the show abstracts function.
ProQuest Ebook Central
Provides access to tens of thousands of books from scholarly, trade and university presses. Titles available were published between the late 1990s to newly published materials. Most titles allow unlimited simultaneous users but some can only be used by one reader at a time.
Scholars Portal Books
Search and read tens of thousands of books from scholarly presses, Canadian presses and governmental organizations. Click on "full text" to access the books Laurier has purchased or licensed.
University Press Scholarship Online
A growing collection of eBooks from multiple scholarly publishers, including Oxford University Press, Edinburgh University Press and Fordham University Press. To search full text, use "Advanced Search." Also search by author, title, subject, publication date.
Springer Books via Springerlink
More than 12,000 titles in all subject areas from 2005 to 2010, with an additional 5,000 books from earlier years.



Aggregate data:

  • Statistics Canada - Contains thousands of tables and reports from all fields and provides fast access to a large range of the latest statistics available in Canada. Enter keywords into the search box. Filter by subject, geography or survey if applicable before running a search. To use a data table, click on the title and use "Add/Remove Data" tab to get customized data. Tutorial: How to use the data tables.
  • Census @Statistics Canada - Statistics Canada's gateway to census information. 2016 census information is featured, and datasets from 1991 to 2011 are located at the bottom.
  • Bank of Canada - Find banking and financial market statistics, surveys (e.g.) as well as policy papers.
  • CANSIM @CHASS - Gives you access to socio-economic time-series data. Click on "CANSIM Multidimensional View" -> continue in English ->click on "CANSIM Multidimensional @ CHASS Main Menu" -> Locate tables/series using text search or browsing.
  • Canadian Census Analyzer - Provides access to census variables for most levels of geography, and to public use microdata files.

United States


  • IPUMS - Housed at the Minnesota Population Center, an interdisciplinary research center at the University of Minnesota, IPUMS is the world's largest individual-level population database. IPUMS consists of microdata samples from United States (IPUMS-USA) and international (IPUMS-International) census records. Additional databases include the North Atlantic Population Project (NAPP), the National Historical Geographic Information System (NHGIS), the Integrated Health Interview Series (IHIS), Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS), American Time Use data and High Ed data. All data are available free over the internet, users must register before extracting data from the website.

Aggregate data:

  • The Federal Reserve is the central bank of the United States. It is comprised of regional banks which together make available a multitude of information and data.
    • Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis - FRED: Economic Data -Provides historical U.S. economic and financial data, including daily U.S. interest rates, monetary and business indicators, exchange rates, balance of payments and regional economic data.
    • Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago - Offers a variety of research papers as well as diffusion indices (e.g. National Activity Index).
    • Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia - The real-time data set consists of vintages, or snapshots, of time series of major macroeconomic variables. New vintages are added shortly after the 15th day of the middle month of each quarter. Click the links in Historical Data section to download the full-time series of historical values.
    • Federal Reserve, Board of Governors - Provides monetary policy discussion papers, surveys (e.g. Senior Loan Officer Opinion Survey, flow of funds), data (e.g. Flow of Funds Accounts) as well as research papers commissioned by the Bank or written by the Bank's officers and economists.
  • Bureau of Economic Analysis - Gives you access to national and state and industry economic data (e.g. gross domestic product).
  • Bureau of Labor Statistics - Provides analysis as well as data for the labor economy as a whole, as well as by region, state, city and industry.
  • Census Bureau - Makes available socio-demographic analysis and data for people and households as well as business industry.
  • - Easily find, download, and use datasets that are generated and held by the Federal Government.
  • ICPSR - US and International datasets in demography, economics, health, political science, and sociology. Datasets may be downloaded in formats for a variety of statistical analysis programmes, such as SPSS, Stata, and SAS. Users will be required to create a free ICPSR account in order to download data.
  • Statistical Abstract of the United States - A comprehensive collection of statistics in tabular format. Includes basic statistics for a wide range of economic indicators. The U.S. Census Bureau terminated this publication in 2011. Earlier editions (1878-2012) are available online via the census website. ProQuest has taken on responsibility for updating and releasing this publication, and Laurier has a copy in print in the Reference Collection: REF HA 202 2015.
  • Survey of Current Business - Provides data on U.S. business on the regional, national, and international levels. Among statistical series covered are personal income, inventories and sales, national income and product accounts, FDI in the U.S., U.S. direct investment abroad, international transactions, and gross state product.


Provides national and regional and industry economic data available in China. Click on the tabs at the top to access monthly, quarterly, annual or regional data. The Production Process of Statistical Data section at the bottom of the site may help you understand how statistics on a few major economic indicators (e.g. GDP, CPI and PPI) has been produced in China.


  • Datastream - Provides access to over 200,000 international macroeconomic time series for around 175 countries (includes IMF and OECD data). This resource can be accessed on the "Datastream Station" in the Waterloo Campus Library, on the third floor in front of office 3-310. There is no off-campus access. Help Guide: How to Retrieve Time Series Data from Datastream
  • IMF Data and Statistics - Data on IMF lending, exchange rates and other economic and financial indicators. Click on the Data tab and then select one database in the Data section, e.g. World Economic Outlook Databases (WEO).
  • OECD iLibrary - A wide variety of socio-economic indicators at the annual, quarterly and monthly frequencies for OECD member countries. Click on the Statistics tab, and search statistics by keyword, country, indicator or select a database.
  • World Development Indicators - from World Bank. Select countries, series and time, then click the Apply Changes button.
  • UNdata - Statistics from all the major UN sources
  • UNCTAD Handbook of Statistics - from United Nations Conference on Trade and Development
  • Pacific Data Service (high frequency foreign exchange rates)
  • Penn World Tables (Lists purchasing power parity and national income accounts for countries worldwide, 1950-2007)
  • International Data Base - from the United States Census Bureau. This site allows users to create and download customized datasets of demographic and population indicators on 227 countries around the world. Among the data available are midyear population; population growth rate percentage; fertility rates, births, life expectancy, death rate, net migration rate, and number of migrants.
  • International Trade Centre - It's a joint agency of WTO and UN. Trade statistics data are based on UN Comtrade data, but with a very easy-to-use interface. They provide statistics by product /service or by country.
  • International Trade Organization - "The WTO provides quantitative information in relation to economic and trade policy issues. Its databases and publications provide access to data on trade flows, tariffs, non-tariff measures (NTMs) and trade in value added."
  • Bank of International Settlements (BIS) - BIS statistics, compiled in cooperation with central banks and other national authorities, provides statistics on CPI, credit, debt securities, exchange rates, policy rates, property prices, derivatives and other indicators. Data are daily to annual.
  • Jordà-Schularick-Taylor Macrohistory Database - In one place it brings together macroeconomic data that previously had been dispersed across a variety of sources, covering 17 advanced economies since 1870 on an annual basis. It comprises 25 real and nominal variables including GDP, CPI, exchange rates, government revenues and expenditures, imports and exports, loans, house price index and more.

By Region

The websites of national banks (eg. Bank of Canada, US Federal Reserve) and supranational institutions (eg. World Bank, OECD) are also sources of exploratory documentation.

Conference Board of Canada e-Library
Browse or search by topic and access a variety of reports, on such issues as business and consumer confidence and the economies of Canada's cities and regions.
Canadian Public Documents Collection
The desLibris platform includes both public policy and health research publications, as well as electronic books from many Canadian publishers. Click on "search" in the top right corner and use filters on the left panel to refine results. Advanced search feature is also available.
Centre for Economic Policy Research: Publications
Discussion papers (and more) on current research in economic policy.
Economics Research Network(ERN)
Find working papers written by scholars from around the world.
Symposium Conference Proceedings
Each year since 1978, Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City has sponsored a symposium on an important economic issue facing the U.S. and world economies. The proceedings include papers, commentary, and discussion.
National Bureau of Economic Research(NBER)
Locate current and earlier working papers written by scholars and practitioners working in the United States. They may be browsed or searched. NBER working papers are also indexed in ABI/Inform but with a 3-year embargo which means the papers of most recent three years are not available via ABI/Inform.
OECD iLibrary
Covers a wide range of topics. Select Papers under the Catalogue tab. Browse or search papers by title, country or language.
Includes a large collection of on-line Economics working papers, some of which are downloadable.
Canadian Economic Observer
This Statistics Canada publication is a mixture of monthly economic data and analysis, available from 1998 until 2012. Older issues on microfiche: CA1 BS11 C010
Canadian Social Trends
This Statistics Canada publication offers data as well as analysis on contemporary social trends, available from 1998 until 2012. Older issues on Government Documents shelves: CA1 BS11 C008

Citing articles and books:

Citing Sources Guide (Laurier Library)

Formatting and Citation Guide (Purdue University)

Citing data and statistics from major economic/financial databases:

There is no standard format for citing data and statistics. Refer to the following examples to cite a source in APA style.

Basic form for citing statistics and data:

Author. (year of release). Title of the resource: Subtitle if relevant [Format]. Retrieval information


Datastream. (2019). Canadian to US exchange rates [Table]. Retrieved August 2, 2019 from Datastream database.

In-text citation (Datastream, 2019)

World DataBank:

World Bank. (2019). Export of goods and services (% of GDP), all countries [Table]. Retrieved September 2, 2019 from World DataBank: World Development Indicators database.

In-text citation (World Bank, 2019)

International Monetary Fund (IMF) Data:

International Monetary Fund. (2019). Real effective exchange rate, consumer price index [Table]. Retrieved September 9, 2019 from IMF eLibrary Data.

In-text citation (International Monetary Fund, 2019)

Statistics Canada:

Statistics Canada. (2018). Labour force characteristics by province, monthly, seasonally adjusted [Table]. Retrieved from

In-text citation (Statistics Canada, 2018)


Statistics Canada. (2006). Canadian community health survey, 2005: cycle 3.1, main file [Public use microdata file]. Retrieved from

In-text citation (Statistics Canada, 2006)