Economics: Citing

Citing articles and books:

Citing economic/financial data and statistics:

All examples presented below follow the APA style citation.

Citing statistics from governments/organizations:

Basic form:

Last Name, A. A. or Corporate Name. (Year, Month Date or Date Range if appropriate). Title of data set: Subtitle [Table number or format]. Publisher Name if different than author. DOI or URL

World Bank Data:

World Bank. (2020). Export of goods and services (% of GDP), all countries [Data table]. https://databank.worldbank.org/reports.aspx?source=2&series=NE.EXP.GNFS…

In-text citation (World Bank, 2020)

International Monetary Fund (IMF) Data:

International Monetary Fund. (2020). Real effective exchange rate, consumer price index [Data table]. https://data.imf.org/regular.aspx?key=61545850

In-text citation (International Monetary Fund, 2020)

Statistics Canada Data:

Statistics Canada. (2019). Table 13-10-0096-05 Life satisfaction, satisfied or very satisfied, by age group [Data table]. https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/t1/tbl1/en/tv.action?pid=1310009605

In-text citation (Statistics Canada, 2019)

Statistics Canada. (2019). Canadian Community Health Survey, 2017-2018: Annual Component [Public use microdata file]. https://odesi.ca/#/details?uri=/odesi/cchs-82M0013-E-2017-2018-Annual-c…

In-text citation (Statistics Canada, 2019)

Citing data from library databases:

Basic form:

Corporate Author Name. (Year of Publication, Month Date if approriate). Title of data sets. Name of Library Database or Platform on which the database is hosted.

Datastream:

Datastream. (2021). Canadian to US exchange rates, 1990-2021 (annual data). Refinitiv Eikon.

In-text citation (Datastream, 2021)

Wharton Research Data Services (WRDS):

Compustat North America - Fundamentals Annual. (2021). Current assets for Apple and IBM, 2010 - 2021. Wharton Research Data Services (WRDS).

In-text citation (Compustat North America, 2021)