In general, when looking for previous research in music therapy, you will be consulting and citing three formats:
Mitchell, E. (2019). Community music therapy and participatory performance: Case study of a coffee house. Voices: A World Forum for Music Therapy, 19(1). https://doi.org/10.15845/voices.v19i1.2701
Silverman, M. J. (2015). Music therapy in mental health for illness management and recovery. Oxford University Press. https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198735366.001.0001
Ahonen, Heidi. (2016). Adult Trauma Work in Music Therapy. In: The Oxford Handbook of Music Therapy. Ed. Jane Edwards. Oxford University Press. 268-288. https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199639755.013.47
what is a Library database?
A library database is an online searchable collection of information, often in the form of references to articles, books, and book chapters (but also newspaper articles, thesis, music, etc). These examples offer a glimpse of how databases are used.
- Lee, J. (2015). The effects of music on pain: A review of systematic reviews and meta-analysis (see page 33)
- Magee WL, Clark I, Tamplin J, Bradt J. Music interventions for acquired brain injury. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2017, Issue 1. http://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD006787.pub3. (see Methods)
database searching tips
- Developing a research question: for graduate students
- Consider word variations and synonyms
- think about how others might refer to your ideas
- e.g, child death, perinatal death, neonatal death, stillbirth, sudden infant death, etc.
- Better searching using AND, OR, NOT
- AND (all terms) OR (one of the terms) NOT (exclude terms)
- Parentheses and Boolean operators can be used to set apart search groups
- e.g, NEAR/# = search terms within a specified number of words apart, e.g., music NEAR/3 therapy
- Limit or expand terms
- "quotation marks" (exact) truncat* (truncate, truncates, truncated, truncation, etc.)
- Employ search limiters (available limiters depend on the database)
- peer reviewed, article type, date
- e.g, in PsycInfo, can include: age group, population group, methodology
- Identify key publications and authors
- note citations, and cited references, repeated author names
- Document and track everything you do in the steps above
- What does this look like in action?
- Alvarenga, W., Leite, A., Oliveira, M., Nascimento, L., Silva-Rodrigues, F., Nunes, M., & Carvalho, E. (2017). The Effect of Music on the Spirituality of Patients: A Systematic Review. Journal of Holistic Nursing, 36(2), 192–204. https://doi.org/10.1177/0898010117710855
books and ebooks
- Start with a known title
- Edwards, J. (2016). The Oxford handbook of music therapy. Oxford University Press. http://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199639755.001.0001
- start with Omni
- limit to "Books and eBooks", e.g, Music Therapy"
- use call number (e.g. to find location of Laurier's print items)
- sign in to request from other Omni libraries; use Scan on Demand for chapters or articles
- searching tips (asterick, boolean, phrases)
- music* AND (dementia OR alzheimer's OR geriatric OR "older people")
- Tip: Search within ebook collections to search within the full text of eBooks (as opposed to searching titles in Omni)
- start with Omni
- limit to "Articles" and "Peer-reviewed journals"
- article content in Omni is not chosen or curated, but dumped in, i.e, it may not have everything on a particular topic.
- Researchers rely on curated collections of content according to discipline
- RILM Abstracts of Music Literature (academic, international in scope)
- Music Periodicals Database (more popular content, e.g, Billboard)
- CINAHL (nursing and allied health)
- PsycINFO (psychotherapy, counseling)
- Pubmed (health-related content)
- Cochrane Library (Evidence-based trials) (Edwards, 2016, p. 732)
- e.g, Music therapy for people with autism spectrum disorder
- What are Systematic Reviews (Cochrane YouTube)
- Other interdisciplinary subject databases that may be helpful depending on your topic
- Other considerations
- You can "hand-search" (see below)
- identify non-scholarly (popular) music articles using the Music Periodicals Database
- there are other subject-based databases that might be relevant to your search area, such as Education or Sociology
- If you already know the title of an article, you can search for it in Omni
- Check for publication integrity before misconduct (Nature, Jan 7, 2020)
- The undercover academic keeping tabs on ‘predatory’ publishing (Nature, March 16, 2018)
- How Academia, Google Scholar And Predatory Publishers Help Feed Academic Fake News (Forbes, Dec 16, 2016)
- International Journal of Physical Education, Sports and Health (example)
- Beall's list (wikipedia page)
- Think. Check. Submit.
Greenhalgh, T. (2019). How to Read a Paper: The Basics of Evidence-Based Medicine and Healthcare. (6th ed.). John Wiley & Sons.
- Grant, M., & Booth, A. (2009). A typology of reviews: an analysis of 14 review types and associated methodologies. Health Information and Libraries Journal, 26(2), 91–108. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1471-1842.2009.00848.x
- Use Sage Reference to learn about research methodologies, e.g, action research, grounded theory, or literature reviews, e.g.,
theses and Dissertations
- What does it look like to do utilize all these databases? See these examples of what Masters and PhD students have done before you, including their methodologies and sources.
- Lee, J. (2015). The effects of music on pain: A review of systematic reviews and meta-analysis (see page 61)
- ProQuest Dissertations & Theses
music therapy journals
It is helpful to know about the prominent music therapy journals (Edwards, 2016, p. 711) if you want to stay on top of current research in this field. While you can browse and search these journals, all of these titles are indexed in RILM where a more efficient search on a topic can be completed.
- Approaches: an Interdisciplinary journal of Music Therapy
- Australian Journal of Music Therapy
- British Journal of Music Therapy
- Canadian Journal of Music Therapy
- Journal of Music Therapy
- Music Therapy Perspectives
- Music Therapy Today
- New Zealand Journal of Music Therapy
- Nordic Journal of Music Therapy
- Qualitative Inquiries in Music Therapy
- Voices: a World Forum for Music Therapy
- Alternative therapies in health and medicine.
- The Arts in Psychotherapy
- Music Perception
- Psychology of Music
- Psychomusicology: Music, Mind & Behaviour
APA Style Guide
Remember that the APA Style Guide is more than just information on how to cite, it is also prescribes rules about how to write. Since in this class you are reviewing anti-oppressive principals, consider the APA guidelines: