Theories of Culture

Course #: AN200

what is a style guide?

A style guide (or manual of style) is a set of standards for the design and writing of documents, often for a specific publication, organization, or field. The purpose of a style guide is to establish and enforce formatting style to improve communication. One particularly important portion of a style guide is how it describes how sources are cited (documented). There are hundreds of publication style guides, including APA, MLA, and Chicago. There is even a Laurier Style Guide for web content.

what is citing, and why should I do it?

what is Chicago?

The Chicago Manual of Style (CMS, CMOS, Chicago) is a style guide published by the University of Chicago Press that describes aspects of editorial practice used for document preparation, including how to cite other sources. Turabian is a style that is based on Chicago, but is aimed specifically at the academic community. The Laurier Library subscribes to the entire manual online (v17 and v16). Use it Part 3: Documentation, to determine the rules and examples of citing.

Note that Chicago offers two formats for citation:

  • Author-Date (in text citations, with a bibiography -- suggested for this class)
  • Notes-Bibliography (numbered footnotes/endnotes, with a bibliography)

what does Chicago (Author-Date) look like?

Article (Duclos 2017, 23)

Dipio, Dominica. 2019. "Telenovelas in Uganda: mediating transcultural conversations." Journal of African Cultural Studies 31, no. 2: 164-179.

Book (Holton 2017, 55)

Holton, M. Jan. 2017. Longing for Home: Forced Displacement and Postures
     of Hospitality. New Haven, Connecticut: Yale University Press.

Book Chapter (Scheid 2016)

Scheid, Anna Floerke. 2016. "Human Bodies, Human Rights." In Public
     Theology and the Global Common Good: the Contribution of David
     Hollenbach, 39-50. Maryknoll, New York: Orbis Books, 2016.

Streaming Video (Her Story, 2016)

Her Story: The Female Revolution—The Personal Story. 2016. Accessed
     September 19, 2017.

where can I get citation information?

Many online databases offer the ability to generate citations from the record. NOTE that these are automatically generated, and will generate mistakes if mistakes exist in the record -- and the often do. In the end, you are responsible for your bibliography.

The OWL Purdue web site has a wealth of information and examples of the Chicago Style. See this sample paper.

should I use citation management software?

It depends on how much time you want to invest in learning the software. Check out the details.

fyi: citation styles by discipline

Anthropology - Chicago Law & Legal Studies - use Bluebook, Maroonbook or ALWD
Art History - Chicago or Turabian Linguistics - use APA, MLA or LSA
Biology - CSE Literature - use MLA
Business - APA, Chicago or Harvard Mathematics - AMS
Chemistry - ACS Medicine - AMA or NLM
Communications - MLA Music - Turabian or Chicago
Computing Science - Chicago Philosophy - MLA or Chicago
Criminology - APA or Chicago Physics - AIP
Education - APA Political Science - APSA
History - Chicago or Turabian Psychology - APA
International Studies - APA, APSA, or Chicago Religion - MLA or Chicago
Journalism - CP or APA Sociology - ASA