Sources of Digital Content
$ = library subscription
- In the Primo Catalogue, search for your topic. At top of results, separate books and articles
- at the left, choose "Available online"
- ebooks are included, but in order to search the full text of ebooks, enter one of our ebook collections
- Google Books
- portions of ebooks are viewable, but often not the entire full text
- Internet Archive
- includes out of copyright books, government publications, and miscellaneous resources
Articles (journal and magazine)
In the Primo Catalogue, search for your topic. At top of results, separate articles and books
- The Laurier Library also subscribes to the following newspapers from v1, to 3 years ago
- Full listing of Library subscriptions
Although some book and articles could be considered as primary sources, the Laurier Library subscribes to many sets of primary sources that have been digitized. Some helpful for this course include:
- 19th Century UK Periodicals
- American Antiquarian Society (AAS) Historical Periodicals Collection
- Illustrated London News Historical Archive 1842-2003
- Times: Digital Archive 1785-2010
There are many libraries, museums, and archives that make digital copies of their collections available. Some include:
- The library subscribes to several streaming video ($) services
- Internet Archive
- searches can be limited to video files. Compared to YouTube, more chance that you are working with a legal copy
- You need to be aware that not everything is legally loaded onto YouTube
- Google Advanced Image search
- you can limit a search to according to usage rights
- Internet Archive
- searches can be limited to image files
- Wikimedia Commons
- public domain and freely-licensed educational media content
- Also look at the sources and external links of Wikipedia pages
- Over 50 million images that can be embedded into web pages
A note about Copyright
Copyright is the exclusive right, given to an originator or someone assigned by the originator, to print, publish, perform, film, or record literary, artistic, or musical material, and to authorize others to do the same.
Copyright protection (in the form of the Canadian Copyright Act) exists automatically for every work that is created, whether or not it is explicitly stated on the work or marked with the copyright symbol. Copyright applies to all genres and formats, including books and periodicals, computer software, films, music, recordings, works of art, and web sites, whether in print or online. Making copies of copyrighted works requires the permission of the copyright owner.
There are educational exceptions to this rule, generally under the Fair Dealing exception; research or private study, criticism, review, news reporting, education, parody and satire does not infringe copyright. In any case, you should always cite the source of the work and credit the creator.
Non-Commercial User Generated Content
The use of copyright-protected works in a new original copyright-protected work created by an individual, solely for non-commercial purposes, does not infringe copyright. The new work can be disseminated to the public without infringing copyright. The exception applies as long as certain conditions are met:
- the source is mentioned, if it is reasonable to do so - including the author, performer, maker or broadcaster.
- the source is (or there is reasonable grounds to believe it is) a non-infringing copy.
- the use of the work does not have a substantial adverse effect, financial or otherwise, on the existing work - including that the new work does not replace the existing work.
This exception allows for uses of copyright-protected works in a new context. It is commonly described as the "mashup" or "YouTube" provision as it allows an individual to use samples of copyrighted audio and video in a home video and then post it to the open web without infinging copyright. The provision is not specific to audio and video, and is open ended enough that it could apply in any situation where works are used by an individual in a new work for non-commercial purposes. Students can benefit from this provision as they are able to post multimedia assignments that incorporate copyrighted works to the web.