Research Seminar in War & Memory

Course #: HI461

    Secondary Sources

    Books (monographs)

    Books provide comprehensive coverage to a topic. Chances are high that Laurier or a TUG library owns the book you might need, but you can also request items through Interlibrary loan.

    • search Primo for keywords on your topic
      • limit your search to books (not articles at this point)
      • once you find a relevant item, look at the subject headings
    • ebooks


    Articles (peer reviewed or popular) are found in journals, and sometimes as essays within books. While a Primo search or a bibliography will also return article results alongside book results, you can be more certain of your results if you search one of the libraries research databases:

    • Historical Databases (Historical Abstracts and America History and Life)
      • same subject headings as with Primo
      • if we don't own something you have identified, request it through Interlibrary loan
    • JSTOR
      • contain older material and are likely already indexed in the two resources above. However, you can also search the entire full text of the articles themselves...which may or may not be helpful. Depending on your topic, could also be considered as primary sources

    Theses and Dissertations

    Theses can often serve as signposts to other sources, including primary sources.

    Primary Sources

    The primary sources you will use for this course are likely to be reproductions: either in print or online


    Print reproductions are contain in books which will be catalogued in Primo. For this course, subject terms such as "sources" or personal narratives" can be added to other keywords, for example (see a complete list from MIT):


    There are countless sites created by organizations that contain digitized copies of sources; the list below is not exhaustive, and in some cases will point to the same content linked from a number of sites. Every site is different, and has different search and browse capabilities. To use these sites:

    • Locate the "about" page to understand the scope of the content
    • look for groups of information beneath a label, e.g., subjects, topics, genre, theme, etc.
    • look for the site search function

    News Sources

    The Laurier Library, and the other TUG libraries, have a limited number newspaper and news magazine titles either in print, online, or on microfilm. Canadian titles include:

    There are also some digitized, less prominent papers, included in the following sites:

    Laurier also subscribes to:

    World War I

    ​League of Nations documents

    US, Vietnam