Digital Creativity

Course #: DH100

Sources of Digital Content

$ = library subscription

Books

News Articles

Videos

  • The library subscribes to several streaming video ($) services
    • permanent links and transcripts are included
  • Internet Archive
    • searches can be limited to video files. Compared to Youtube, more chance that you are working with a legal copy
  • Youtube
    • You need to be aware that not everything is legally loaded onto Youtube

Images

Audio

Artifacts, Images, Replicas, and anything else

The Library subscribes to a number of primary source collections (some mentioned above). You can add "primary sources" or "artifacts" to any search within Google to see what comes up, e.g., "Mayan artefacts." Pay attention to what comes up, you may find references to digitized museum collections. The following are a few examples of many sites you might come across. If you get too many irrelevant results, try limiting by domain, e.g., site:edu.

Copyright protection (in the form of the Canadian Copyright Act) exists automatically for every work that is created, whether or not it is explicitly stated on the work or marked with the copyright symbol. Copyright applies to all genres and formats, including books and periodicals, computer software, films, music, recordings, works of art, and web sites, whether in print or online. Making copies of copyrighted works requires the permission of the copyright owner.

There are educational exceptions to this rule, generally under the Fair Dealing exception; research or private study, criticism, review, news reporting, education, parody and satire does not infringe copyright. In any case, you should always cite the source of the work and credit the creator.

Non-Commercial User Generated Content

The use of copyright-protected works in a new original copyright-protected work created by an individual, solely for non-commercial purposes, does not infringe copyright. The new work can be disseminated to the public without infringing copyright. The exception applies as long as certain conditions are met:

  • the source is mentioned, if it is reasonable to do so - including the author, performer, maker or broadcaster.
  • the source is (or there is reasonable grounds to believe it is) a non-infringing copy.
  • the use of the work does not have a substantial adverse effect, financial or otherwise, on the existing work - including that the new work does not replace the existing work.

This exception allows for uses of copyright-protected works in a new context. It is commonly described as the "mashup" or "YouTube" provision as it allows an individual to use samples of copyrighted audio and video in a home video and then post it to the open web without infinging copyright. The provision is not specific to audio and video, and is open ended enough that it could apply in any situation where works are used by an individual in a new work for non-commercial purposes. Students can benefit from this provision as they are able to post multimedia assignments that incorporate copyrighted works to the web.

See an extensive description of Fair Dealing.