Sources of Digital Content
$ = library subscription
- Print books can be digitized
- In the Primo Catalogue, search for your topic by subject, and add the word "sources"
- Early English Books Online ($)
- all items published in English up to 1700; images, durable urls
- Google Books | Project Gutenberg | Internet Archive | Hathi Trust
- North America
- Great Britain
- Full listing of Library subscriptions
- Free digitized papers
- The library subscribes to several streaming video ($) services
- permanent links and transcripts are included
- Internet Archive
- searches can be limited to video files. Compared to Youtube, more chance that you are working with a legal copy
- You need to be aware that not everything is legally loaded onto Youtube
- Google Advanced Image search
- you can limit a search to according to usage rights
- Get rid of the "noise" of Google search results, and go to the Google Cultural Institute
- Internet Archive
- searches can be limited to image files
- Wikimedia Commons
- public domain and freely-licensed educational media content
- Also look at the sources and external links of Wikipedia pages
- Over 50 million images that can be embedded into web pages
- Naxos Music Library ($)
- Over 123,500 cds; includes world music
- Music & Performing Arts ($)
- includes world music
- Internet Archive
- searches can be limited to audio files
Artifacts, Images, Replicas, and anything else
The Library subscribes to a number of primary source collections (some mentioned above). You can add "primary sources" or "artifacts" to any search within Google to see what comes up, e.g., "Mayan artefacts." Pay attention to what comes up, you may find references to digitized museum collections. The following are a few examples of many sites you might come across. If you get too many irrelevant results, try limiting by domain, e.g., site:edu.
- British Museum
- notice their terms and conditions
- Library of Congress American Memory
- Metropolitan Museum of Art
- items are specifically made available for use and download
A note about Copyright
Copyright protection (in the form of the Canadian Copyright Act) exists automatically for every work that is created, whether or not it is explicitly stated on the work or marked with the copyright symbol. Copyright applies to all genres and formats, including books and periodicals, computer software, films, music, recordings, works of art, and web sites, whether in print or online. Making copies of copyrighted works requires the permission of the copyright owner.
There are educational exceptions to this rule, generally under the Fair Dealing exception; research or private study, criticism, review, news reporting, education, parody and satire does not infringe copyright. In any case, you should always cite the source of the work and credit the creator.
Non-Commercial User Generated Content
The use of copyright-protected works in a new original copyright-protected work created by an individual, solely for non-commercial purposes, does not infringe copyright. The new work can be disseminated to the public without infringing copyright. The exception applies as long as certain conditions are met:
- the source is mentioned, if it is reasonable to do so - including the author, performer, maker or broadcaster.
- the source is (or there is reasonable grounds to believe it is) a non-infringing copy.
- the use of the work does not have a substantial adverse effect, financial or otherwise, on the existing work - including that the new work does not replace the existing work.
This exception allows for uses of copyright-protected works in a new context. It is commonly described as the "mashup" or "YouTube" provision as it allows an individual to use samples of copyrighted audio and video in a home video and then post it to the open web without infinging copyright. The provision is not specific to audio and video, and is open ended enough that it could apply in any situation where works are used by an individual in a new work for non-commercial purposes. Students can benefit from this provision as they are able to post multimedia assignments that incorporate copyrighted works to the web.