Welcome to EC451 course guide. This guide provides information sources to help you complete an empirical research paper in applied economics. It focuses on using library resources to write your research proposal and to find the data and statistics to conduct empirical analysis. One-on-One research consultation with the subject librarian is available. Use the contact information of the subject librarian to the right side to book an appointment.
Use the links below to navigate to the different sections of this guide.
- Econometrics Books in the Library
- Searching for Articles on a Topic in Primo
- Finding Articles Using Databases
- Data and Statistics
- Resources for Doing Regression Analysis
- Citing Sources
- Understanding Plagiarism
Econometrics Books in the Library
- Introduction to Econometrics, 2nd ed.
Stock, James H. Watson, Mark W. Boston: Pearson/Addison Wesley c2007. Call number: HB139 .S765 2007.
2. A Guide to Econometrics, 6th ed.
Kennedy, Peter. Malden, MA: Blackwell Pub. 2008. Call number: HB139 .K45 2008.
3. Using Econometrics: a Practical Guide, 5th ed.
Studenmund, A. H. Boston: Addison Wesley Pearson c2006. Call number: HB139 .S795 2006.
4. Introductory Econometrics: a Modern Approach, 4th ed.
Wooldridge, Jeffrey M. Mason, Ohio: South Western Cengage Learning c2009. Call number: HB139 .W665 2009.
To find more Econometrics books in Primo:
- Go to the library homepage
- Click on Books & articles on the left side
- Enter in the word econometrics into the search box under Primo Search
- Click on Search Primo
- Select Books under Resource Type to the left side
Searching for Articles on a Topic in Primo
Example: You are interested in doing a research paper on wage inequality.
- Go to the library homepage
- Click on Books & articles on the left side
- Type in the keyword “wage inequality” into the search box under Primo Search
- Click on Search Primo
- Conduct Primo Advanced Search which allows you to use Boolean Operators (AND, OR, NOT) to combine or exclude keywords in a search, resulting in more focused and productive results.
- Wage inequality is a broad topic. You will get too many results. On the result page you can refine results. Select Articles under Resource Type and click peer-reviewed under Show Only if you want to read high quality scholarly articles. Refine Publication Date with scroll bar if you want.
- Search results may also be limited by subject. In this example, you may want to read some articles written by other authors and to have a sense of what an empirical paper on the topic of wage inequality looks like. Click on Subject, and then click More Options. Include Economic Models and click Continue. You may also look through the titles on the result page. The titles containing “effects”, “empirical research”, “empirical analysis”, “approach”, “models” are mostly articles that contain an empirical application. Include other terms if you have interest in a specific aspect of the topic. This may help you find most relevant articles.
- Video tutorial: Getting great results: narrowing your search
- Tips on how to narrow down large sets of results to find what you need for your research project.
Finding Articles Using Databases
- To access a database:
◦ Go to the library homepage
◦ Select the "Databases: subjects & titles" tab
◦ Enter in the database name in the search box
◦ Click on Search and select a database that matches your request
◦ Click on Connect to resource
◦ Search with keywords or article titles within the following databases
◦ Off-campus Laurier Network Login will be required for authentication
2. Key databases for searching for journal articles:
- ProQuest Business
- Contains scholarly, trade, popular and news titles, many of which are available in full-text or full-image. Search with keywords related to your research. You may limit search to full text peer-reviewed articles and filter by subject, geography, date, etc. located on the left side of the search result page. Video tutorial: How to Search ProQuest Databases.
- EconLit (via ProQuest)
- Provides citations and full-text content for more than 400 economic periodicals, as well as books, book chapters, dissertations, reviews, conferences and working papers.
- Scholars Portal Journals
- A single-access search gateway to the full text of online journals published by several major academic journal publishers. Search with keywords related to your research. Click the link to subject terms below an article title to find more articles grouped under a specific subject quickly.
- Business Source Complete
- Comprehensive database, with citations and full-text content, for leading business journals including scholarly, trade, popular and news titles. Search with keywords related to your research. On the search result page, click on Subject: Thesaurus Terms on the left side to filter your search by subject. Also limit search to full text or filter by geography, date, etc. located on the left side of the search results page.
- Google Scholar
- Allows users to search for scholarly articles, conference proceedings, and books. You can set up your own personal Google account and set Google Scholar preferences on your home computer. When off campus you will see "Get it @ Laurier" links to some of the contents on Google Scholar. It means you can search Laurier's journal subscriptions through Google. You don't have to sign in with your Laurier account each time.
- Academic OneFile
- A good source for peer-reviewed, full-text articles from international journals and reference sources in Economics.
3. Search Tips:
- Boolean Operators: AND OR NOT
- AND requires all terms joined by it to appear in the document which narrows your search. Example: Philips Curves AND inflation; OR requires at least one of the terms joined by it to appear in the document in any order which broadens your search. Example: Consumer Price Index OR CPI; NOT excludes documents containing the term(s) following it. Example: gross domestic product NOT Canada
- Video tutorial: Better Searching Using AND, OR, NOT
- Truncation symbols *
- enable you to search for variations of a word. Enter the root of a word and put the truncation symbol at the end. Example: econom* = economy, economics, economist, econometrics, econometric, etc.
- Wildcard symbols ! ?
- substitute a symbol for one letter of a word; useful if a word is spelled in different ways, but still has the same meaning. Example: Labo?r = labour, labor
- Quotation marks “ ”
- require words to be searched as a phrase, in the exact order you type them. Examples: “exchange rate”, “Gross Domestic Product”.
Data and Statistics
- Bank of Canada - Find banking and financial market statistics, surveys (e.g.) as well as policy papers.
- CANSIM @Statistics Canada - Statistics Canada's key socioeconomic database. Contains thousands of tables and reports from all fields and provides fast access to a large range of the latest statistics available in Canada.
- odesi - Contains microdata from Statistics Canada, Elections Canada, as well as polling data. Build your own tables or download microdata and user guides.
- Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis-FRED: Economic Data - Provides historical U.S. economic and financial data, including daily U.S. interest rates, monetary and business indicators, exchange rates, balance of payments and regional economic data.
- Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia - The real-time data set consists of vintages, or snapshots, of time series of major macroeconomic variables. New vintages are added shortly after the 15th day of the middle month of each quarter. Click the links in Historical Data section to download the full-time series of historical values.
- Federal Reserve, Board of Governors - Provides monetary policy discussion papers, the minutes of Federal Reserve meetings, surveys (e.g. Senior Loan Officer Opinion Survey, flow of funds), data (e.g. Flow of Funds Accounts) as well as research papers commissioned by the Bank or written by the Bank's officers and economists.
- Bureau of Economic Analysis - Gives you access to national and state and industry economic data (e.g. gross domestic product).
- Bureau of Labor Statistics - Provides analysis as well as data for the labor economy as a whole, as well as by region, state, city and industry.
- Census Bureau - Makes available socio-demographic analysis and data for people and households as well as business industry.
- Data.gov - Easily find, download, and use datasets that are generated and held by the Federal Government.
- Statistical Abstract of the United States - A comprehensive collection of statistics in tabular format. Includes basic statistics for a wide range of economic indicators. Each table lists the source of the statistics for further reference.
- Survey of Current Business - Provides data on U.S. business on the regional, national, and international levels. Among statistical series covered are personal income, inventories and sales, national income and product accounts, FDI in the U.S., U.S. direct investment abroad, international transactions, and gross state product.
- National Bureau of Statistics of China – Provides national and regional and industry economic data available in China. Click on the tabs at the top to access monthly, quarterly, annual or regional data. The Production Process of Statistical Data section at the bottom of the site may help you understand how statistics on a few major economic indicators (e.g. GDP, CPI and PPI) has been produced in China.
- IMF Data and Statistics - Including International Financial Statistics, World Economic Outlook databases and more. Provides data on IMF lending, exchange rates and other economic and financial indicators.
- Example: Finding Canadian GDP during 2000-2016 using World Economic Outlook Databases
- Click on Data tab at the top -> click World Economic Outlook Databases -> select the most recent title from the list. e.g. World Economic Outlook Database April 2016 -> click By Countries (country-level data) -> click Advanced economics -> click Clear ALL -> select Canada -> click Continue -> select Subject e.g. Gross domestic product, constant prices, National currency -> Continue -> select Date Range (Start year: 2000, End year: 2016) or other optional advanced settings -> click Prepare Report
- OECD iLibrary - Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development
- World Development Indicators - World Bank
- UNdata - Statistics from all the major UN sources
- UNCTAD Handbook of Statistics - United Nations Conference on Trade and Development
- Pacific Data Service - Foreign exchange rates
Resources for Doing Regression Analysis
The software listed here is available on Laurier Network Login workstations in the Library:
Stata, R for Windows, RStudio, SPSS
Consult the following resources to learn how to use the software to do statistical analysis:
- Resources for Learning Stata - Stata provides a list of good resources to help you learn and use Stata.
- Applied Econometrics lecture notes - University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA, provides lecture notes covering introductory econometrics topics with examples using Stata
- Short Guides to Microeconometrics (with Stata commands), Kurt Schmidheiny, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Spain, includes class notes covering microeconometrics for use with Stata 10
- Stata Books in the Library
- You Tube - Search with keyword “Stata tutorial”
- The R Manuals - R Development Core Team
- Resources to help you learn and use R - UCLA
- Quick R - A website created by Dr. Robert I. Kabacoff
- R Books in the Library
- You Tube - Search with keyword “R tutorial”
- Gnu Regression, Econometrics and Time-series Library
- Gretl User’s Guide - Allin Cottrell, Department of Economics, Wake Forest University
- You Tube - Search with keyword “Gretl tutorial”
- IBM SPSS 23 Guide - Google search for earlier versions. e.g. IBM SPSS 22 Guide
- Resources to Help you Learn and Use SPSS - UCLA
- Statistics Literacy - A guide created by Walter Giesbrecht, Data & Statistics Librarian at York University
- What Statistical Analysis should I Use? - UCLA, the table covers commonly used statistical tests based on the number and nature of dependent variables and the nature of independent variables, with links showing how to do such tests using SAS, Stata and SPSS.
- Getting Started with SPSS – A free course offered by the Open University taking a step-by-step approach to statistics software through seven interactive activities.
- You Tube - Search with keyword "SPSS"
- SPSS Books in the Library
Additional resource: CARMA provides access to live webcasts as well as the past recorded videos on research methods and analysis. Access requires a CARMA personal account using your Laurier email address.
Plagiarism or cheating can result in a repeat or failure of the assignment, or in severe cases, suspension and expulsion.
Watch Laurier Library’s “Understanding Plagiarism” tutorial which includes some of the university’s academic integrity policies, types of intellectual theft and techniques to avoid plagiarism.